Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia http://pei-pusat.org/jurnal/index.php/jei <p><strong>Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia</strong> (JEI) publishes original research article, reviews, and short communications that covers the basic and applied aspect of insects and mites or other arthropods in agriculture, forestry, human and animal health, and natural resources and environmental management. The journal is published by <strong>Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia</strong> <strong>(<a href="http://pei-pusat.org" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Entomological Society of Indonesia</a>)</strong>. JEI was first published at the beginning of 2004, twice per year in frequency in March and September. Since 2015, Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia has been published three times per year in March, July, and November. </p> <p>JEI is an open-access, peer-reviewed journal that has been Accredited by the Directorate General of Higher Education (DGHE), Republic of Indonesia No. 51/E/KPT/2017 which is valid for 5 (five) years since enacted on 4 December 2017.</p> <p>Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia has been registered in <strong>Crossref, DOAJ, Indonesian Publication Index (IPI),<a href="https://sinta.ristekbrin.go.id/journals/detail?id=1058" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> SINTA Rank 2</a>, Google Scholar, Portal Garuda, CiteFactor, </strong>and other scientific databases. </p> <p><a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1365388032">E-ISSN: 2089-0257</a></p> <p><a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1180427431">P-ISSN: 1829-7722</a> </p> en-US <p><a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img src="https://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a></p> <p>Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia is licensed under a <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.</p> editor@jurnal.pei-pusat.org (Editor JEI) editor.jei@gmail.com (Editorial Office) Sat, 14 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.2.1.3 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Serangan hama invasif Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) pada tanaman jagung di Kabupaten Ende Flores, Indonesia http://pei-pusat.org/jurnal/index.php/jei/article/view/622 <p>Corn is the main commodity in Ende Regency. One of the obstacles faced by farmers at the end of 2019 was the attack of the armyworm <em>Spodoptera frugiperda</em> (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) which is an invasive pest. Information about its spread in Flores are lacking. Therefore the aim of this research is to conduct a survey on the geographic distribution of <em>S. frugiperda</em> during the growing season of June–July 2020 in Flores, its infestation, and the presence of natural enemies. Observations were made on 200 sample plants in each of the 5 location. Calculations were made on the population level and intensity of attack. The intensity of the attack was measured using the Davis scale. The results showed that the pest population and attack intensity of <em>S. frugiperda</em> in the Rewarangga village was 8.15 individuals/plant and 76%, Lokoboko was 1.32 individuals/plant and 34%, Nanganesa was 2.48 individuals/plant and 51%, Rewarangga amounted to 5.96 individuals/plant and 55%, and Borokanda 3.31 individuals/plant and 42%. The natural enemies of <em>S. frugiperda</em> have not been found in the field.</p> Yustina MSW Pu'u, Charly Mutiara Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://pei-pusat.org/jurnal/index.php/jei/article/view/622 Sat, 14 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Stingless bee foraging behavior and pollen resource use in oil palm and rubber plantations in Sumatra http://pei-pusat.org/jurnal/index.php/jei/article/view/603 <p>Land transformation in the tropical rainforests to monoculture plantations leads to biodiversity loss and abiotic change. In the oil palm and rubber plantations of Sumatra, we explored the foraging behavior of stingless bees <em>Lepidotrigona terminata</em>,<em> Sundatrigona moorei</em>, and <em>Tetragonula drescheri</em>. Pollen was collected from bees returning to the nest to investigate the floral resources collected by bees inside and outside research plots from both types of plantations. Foraging behavior in both plantations showed an increase in the number of individuals returning to the nest with pollen as the morning progressed, followed by a gradual decrease in the afternoon. The foraging behavior of each stingless bee species was influenced by different environmental factors. While the activity of <em>S. moorei</em> was positively correlated with humidity, the activity of <em>L. terminate</em> was negatively correlated with temperature. We found that a single pollen load was dominated by a single plant taxon in all bee species in both plantations. All pollen collected in the rubber plantation was from <em>Hevea brasiliensis</em>, suggests that rubber is a potential pollen resource. However, in the oil palm plantation, Asteraceae pollen was the dominant taxon collected by both <em>L. terminata</em> and <em>S. moorei</em>. The comparison to the plant inventories in the plots suggests that almost half of the pollen collected by these two species in the oil palm hives was from outside the plantations, probably in forested patches and surrounding gardens. Finally, based on multivariate analyses, we found no competition for these floral resources between <em>L. terminata</em> and <em>S. moorei.</em></p> Rosi Fitri Ramadani, Rika Raffiudin, Nunik Sri Ariyanti, Siria Biagioni, Erin Treanore, Hermann Behling Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://pei-pusat.org/jurnal/index.php/jei/article/view/603 Sat, 14 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Pengaruh formulasi metil eugenol block plus terhadap tangkapan lalat buah Bactrocera spp. pada tanaman cabai http://pei-pusat.org/jurnal/index.php/jei/article/view/627 <p>Fruit fly <em>Bactrocera</em> spp. is one of important pests in chili pepper. The use of methyl eugenol (ME) block plus as an attractant in traps is one method of controlling fruit flies populations. This study aims to find out the appropriate formulation of ME block plus formulation in increasing fruit fly catches on chili pepper. The experiment was carried out from January to April 2018 in Lembang Village, Lembang District, West Bandung Regency. The experiment used a randomized block design consists of eight treatments and three replications. The treatments tested were ME 2 ml was applied to all treatments using cotton; block; chili essence 4 ml block; 4 ml block of guava essence; orange essence 4 ml block; starfruit essence 4 ml block; mango essence 4 ml block; an attractant block product with the active ingredient ME. Although the results showed that all the treatments tested could not attract female fruit flies, the essence formulation was successful in attracting male fruit flies by 87%. The 4 ml chili essence in the 2 ml ME block formulation was the most effective treatment to increase male fruit fly catches by as much as 377 fruit flies/traps/week specifically the species <em>Bactrocera dorsalis</em> (Hendel), <em>Bactrocera carambolae</em> Drew &amp; Hancock, <em>Bactrocera umbrosa</em> Fabricius, and hybrid fruit flies <em>B. dorsalis</em> x <em>B. carambolae.</em></p> Agus Susanto, Agus Dana Permana, Sri Hartati, Tohidin, Desy Natalia Br. Saragih Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://pei-pusat.org/jurnal/index.php/jei/article/view/627 Sat, 14 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Pengaruh pengelolaan agroekosistem terhadap kelimpahan kutu loncat jeruk Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Liviidae) http://pei-pusat.org/jurnal/index.php/jei/article/view/660 <p>Asian citrus psyllid (ACP) <em>Diaphorina citri</em> Kuwayama is a serious problem in citrus because it transmits huanglongbing (HLB) disease. Agricultural practices without paying attention to the agroecosystem complexity often cause the agroecosystem more suitable for insect pests proliferation and less friendly to natural enemies. The research aims to study the effectiveness of agroecosystem management compared to conventional farming in the ACP control. The effects of both treatments on the diversity and abundance of ACP’s natural enemies as well as the incidence and severity of HLB were also studied. Agroecosystem management consists of preventive and responsive actions. Preventive action was carried out through a polyculture system, planting refugia and legume cover crop, providing beetle banks, applying lime, applying organic and inorganic fertilizers, citrus pruning intensively, maintaining drainage ditches, and mechanical weed control. Responsive action is short-term control when the abundance of ACP reaches the action threshold. Responsive action was carried out through biological or chemical control. Meanwhile, conventional farming is a series of conventional farming and pest control techniques commonly applied by farmers. Each treatment was applied in three orchards of Siam Orange cv. Pontianak <em>Citrus nobilis</em> Lour var. <em>microcarpa</em> Hassk. The results showed that agroecosystem management was more effective in controlling the ACP population so that its abundance was lower and less fluctuated than conventional farming. ACP’s natural enemies in agroecosystem management were also more diverse than conventional farming. The abundance of ACP’s natural enemies and the incidence and severity of HLB in the two treatments were not significantly different.</p> M. Zuhran, Gatot Mudjiono, Retno Dyah Puspitarini Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://pei-pusat.org/jurnal/index.php/jei/article/view/660 Sat, 14 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Keanekaragaman laba-laba pada perkebunan kelapa sawit yang berbatasan dengan hutan http://pei-pusat.org/jurnal/index.php/jei/article/view/593 <p>Oil palm plantations bordering forests were thought to affect the biotic components that make up the diversity of ecosystems, especially species with high mobilization and adaptability, such as spiders. This study aims to identify spiders found in oil palm plantations and analyzing diversity and evenness at various distances of oil palm plantations from the forest. Observations of spiders were carried out on oil palm plantations bordered by forests in Nagari Gunung Selasih and Sungai Kambut, Pulau Punjung District, Dharmasraya Regency, West Sumatra Province. In oil palm plantations, a one km long transect line was made from the forest edge. In the sample plots, spiders were observed using a pitfall trap, knockdown, and hand collecting. Data were analyzed using the Shannon-Wiener diversity and evenness index. The highest spider species diversity index was found at a distance of 100–300 m from the forest, respectively 3.06, 3.05, and 3.11. The same is true for the highest evenness index at a distance of 100–300 m from the forest, respectively, namely 0.94, 0.94, and 0.95. In general, the results of this study indicate that the presence of forest bordering the forest is thought to affect spiders in oil palm plantations. </p> Ulka Sri Asih, Yaherwandi Yaherwandi, Siska Efendi Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://pei-pusat.org/jurnal/index.php/jei/article/view/593 Sat, 14 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Pengaruh lokasi terhadap serangan lalat puru Cecidochares connexa (Macquart) pada tumbuhan eksotik invasif Chromolaena odorata (L.) King & Robinson dan interaksinya dengan komunitas serangga lokal http://pei-pusat.org/jurnal/index.php/jei/article/view/619 <p>The gall fly, <em>Cecidochares connexa</em> (Macquart) was first introduced to Indonesia to control the invasive weed <em>Chromolaena odorata</em> (L.) King &amp; Robinson or kirinyuh. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of habitat type and location, and the presence of natural enemies associated with gall flies on their level of attack. This research was be conducted in various types of habitat in Bogor and South Lampung from January to December 2019. Thirty plant samples were obtained using the area species curve method. Sampling was conducted to collect gall in each habitat, it was followed by rearing gall for ± 1 month to see insects that came out from the gall at the Biological Control Laboratory, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University. The results of this study indicate that the location of the observation affects the level of attack on gall flies against kirinyuh and parachitization of gall flies by parasitoid, while the habitat does not affect both. Then there are other insects associated with kirinyuh in addition gall flies in gall, namely <em>Lonchaea</em> sp.</p> Luna Lukvitasari, Hermanu Triwidodo, Akhmad Rizali, Damayanti Buchori Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://pei-pusat.org/jurnal/index.php/jei/article/view/619 Sat, 14 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Laporan baru tungau Tarsonemus bilobatus Suski dan karakter utama tungau lain pada daun tanaman jeruk di Pulau Jawa, Indonesia http://pei-pusat.org/jurnal/index.php/jei/article/view/704 <p>Citrus is one of the most important fruit crops in Indonesia. One of the main problems in citrus production is mite infestation. Many mite species were reported attacking citrus around the world. This study was aimed to identify mites and describe the main characters of various species of mites on citrus in Java, Indonesia. Sampling was carried out at the location of citrus plantations and citrus plants in the yard of the house which was carried out purposively. In a large planting area, sampling was carried out on 10 citrus trees that showed symptoms of mite attack. The identification process is carried out by a mounting process to obtain specimens that can be observed under a compound microscope using PVA. Eight species of mites were collected from 8 various of citrus from 15 locations. Six mites species were identified as phytophagous, i.e., <em>Panonychus citri</em> McGregor, <em>Eotetranychus</em> sp., <em>Eutetranychus</em> sp. (Family Tetranychidae), <em>Brevipalpus phoenicis</em> (Geijskes) (Family Tenuipalpidae), <em>Tarsonemus bilobatus</em> Suski (Family Tarsonemidae), and <em>Phyllocoptruta oleivora</em> (Ashmead) (Family Eriophyidae). Meanwhile, the other two species, <em>Amblyseius</em> sp. (Family Phytoseiidae) and <em>Cheletogenes ornatus</em> (Canestrini &amp; Fanzago) (Family Cheyletidae) were predators. Unidentified mites were Family Tydeidae and Winterschmidtiidae. According to Regulation No. 31 of 2018, <em>P. citri</em> and <em>Ph. oleivora</em> are quarantine pest. <em>T. bilobatus</em> is firstly reported in Indonesia.</p> Hendri Hermawan, Sugeng Santoso, Aunu Rauf Copyright (c) 2021 Hendri Hermawan, Sugeng Santoso, Aunu Rauf https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 http://pei-pusat.org/jurnal/index.php/jei/article/view/704 Sat, 14 Aug 2021 00:00:00 +0000